Renal diet guidelines review, Renal insufficiency is the term given in the case of kidney failure in the performance of its functions, including: purify the blood of harmful impurities, the amount of fluid that comes out of the body control, blood pressure control through the secretion of Renin hormone, regulate the production of red blood cells rate, activated vitamin D, regulate blood pH which leads to an imbalance in the human body and may lead to death.
Renal failure causes:
Kidneys severe injury and chronic inflammation.
Kidneys tissue damage.
High blood pressure.
Some medications intake without medical advice.
Get used to undesirable eating habits.
Renal diet guidelines:
Diet should provide needed patient calories because increasing the amount of calories will cause obesity, as well as the lack of calories the body will pay for cracking proteins to make up for the shortage of energy and do not use protein to build muscle and tissues, causing weakness of the body.
When building a food program for the patient’s renal failure, must take into account various factors such as, Is the patient suffering from obesity or diabetes?., And must calculate the amount of carbohydrates and fats carefully to avoid problems that may occur as a result of the multiplication or minimize them, calculated quantities on the basis of the need for each kg of body weight, and must avoid eating foods rich in saturated fat and cholesterol to avoid injury cardiovascular disease.
Feeding kidney patients and their impact differ in the progress of the patient’s condition, according to the stage reached with the disease in its development, we will find that nutrition will have a preventive role and palliative measure for the subsequent symptoms if they had kidney failure has in the early stages and is what is known as Phase 1 to 4.
Graded failure Kidney of the first and least serious cases (1-4) and then comes the fifth degree, the most dangerous and then if the progression of the disease the patient may need kidney dialysis or even a kidney transplant.
In kidney patients and nutrition in general, the focus is on five nutrients and determine the quantities according to the patient and his examinations case, these elements are:
It can be obtained from various animal and plant sources such as meat, eggs, fish, dairy products and legumes, lentils.
It was to reduce the amount of protein by kidney efficiency, where it is adding 20 to the efficiency of the kidney, for example, if the total efficiency of 20% is added to it 20 to become the amount of protein that person 40% of the daily nutrition.
The most important sources of potatoes, bananas and pears juice, yogurt, raisins, apricots and beans of all kinds green leafy vegetables, oranges and grapefruit, as well as red meat, pulses and milk.
Determine the amount of potassium depends as per the blood on, if proven tests that the high rate of blood it is worth to stay away from its sources and that we have mentioned previously, either if it was the opposite happened shortage in the amount of potassium in the blood it is worth increase taken from various sources such as bananas, apricots, raisins and others.
Sodium and salt sources:
Sodium increases the fatigue of the kidneys and increases blood pressure, heart problems and arteries but this depends determine the amount of sodium in the body on the status of blood pressure and heart sodium, the amount of which are raised within 24 hours, and often the amount of sodium allowed no more than 2-3 g per day, and in some cases, such as cases of fluid retention in the body and high blood pressure and other may not exceed 1 g per day.
The most important sources of milk and dairy products, meat, poultry, fish, whole grains, soft drinks, pistachios, peanuts, legumes, nuts and butter.
All metals are filtered kidney, including phosphorus, calcium, should be reducing the amount of phosphorus so doing, we will ensure non-progression of kidney problem Increasing calcium in the blood leads to the deposition of calcium in the tissues of the internal kidney, which would make things worse, in addition to phosphorus affects calcium levels in the body as the increased phosphorus in the blood will lead to increased calcium escape and was pulled out of the bone and thus may be caused in the incidence of osteoporosis, and that increasing the amount of calcium in the blood leads to the occurrence of many problems and an imbalance in the fluid balance in the body that affect the heart and body all health. To this we should reduce the sources of phosphorus intake and taking the appropriate amounts of calcium to the body.
The most important sources of animal and dairy products like milk, cheese, yogurt, green leafy vegetables and clams, oysters, almonds, beans, tofu and soft bones of canned fish, such as sardines, mackerel and salmon.
It must minimize the amount of phosphorus in the diet of patients with renal failure because the kidneys are not valued to get rid of excess phosphorus and then you will accumulate in the blood, leading to a decline in the level of calcium in the bones, making them weak, causing osteoporosis.
Control the balance between the two elements is a challenge to the diet for patients with renal failure because the increase in the ratio of phosphorus will be offset by a decrease in the proportion of calcium because their presence in the same foods we eat every day, such as pulp and milk, cheese and yogurt.