George Santos fabrications and controversy: A timeline

WASHINGTON — Former Rep. George Santos was ousted from Congress on Friday, effective immediately, following his indictment on multiple federal charges and a scathing House Ethics Committee report.

The New York Republican spent 11 months in the House, but was plagued by scandal from the very beginning, including accusations that he scammed $3,000 from a GoFundMe campaign for a disabled veteran’s dying service dog and immigration documents showing his mother was not in New York on 9/11 as he’d claimed.

Santos, R-N.Y., has become a household name because of the controversy surrounding his time in office. He admitted he embellished his résumé — from where he attended college and his professional background to his “Jew-ish” heritage. Calls for Santos’ resignation have grown within his own party soon followed, as did federal, state, local and international investigations.

NBC News has repeatedly contacted Santos’ team with requests for comment about his lies and other allegations against him.

Here is a timeline of what first got him into hot water:

Nov. 3, 2020: Santos loses his first bid for Congress to Democratic Rep. Tom Suozzi. He concedes two weeks later, on Nov. 17.

Jan. 6, 2021: Santos speaks at President Donald Trump’s rally in Washington, D.C., which precedes the attack on the U.S. Capitol, claiming his own election was stolen. He later says in an interview that Trump was at his “full awesomeness that day” but that he did not go on Capitol grounds on Jan. 6.

June 10, 2021: Santos announces his second campaign for Congress, running to represent New York’s 3rd Congressional District. His campaign website biography includes that he graduated from Baruch College and was employed as an associate asset manager at Citigroup and at Goldman Sachs.

Sept. 6, 2022: Santos files his personal financial disclosure report, claiming his assets are as much as $11 million. The massive increase in net worth since his 2020 campaign leads The North Shore Leader, a newspaper on Long Island, to raise questions about his finances.

Nov. 8, 2022: Santos wins his second bid for Congress in a contest that made LGBTQ political history, marking the first time two openly gay congressional candidates had gone head to head in a general election.

Nov. 19, 2022: Santos addresses the Republican Jewish Coalition summit, saying his election means that “now there will be three” Jewish Republican members of Congress. Among other references to Judaism in his 2022 congressional campaign, Santos had distributed a position paper claiming to be “a proud American Jew.”

Nov. 21, 2022: In an interview with WNYC, Santos says he “lost four employees” in the Pulse nightclub shooting in Orlando, Florida, in 2016. The New York Times later reported that none of the 49 victims appear to have worked at the various firms named in his biography.

Dec. 19, 2022: The New York Times publishes its bombshell investigation, reporting that Santos lied about his résumé. Joseph Murray, Santos’ lawyer, dismisses the story in a statement, saying Santos was being smeared by “enemies” at the paper, and calls the allegations “defamatory,” without addressing specific claims in The Times’ reporting.

Representatives for Baruch and New York University, where he is also said to have obtained a degree, tell NBC New York that they have no record of his attendance. Representatives for Citigroup and Goldman Sachs also tell NBC New York they have no record of his employment.

Dec. 21, 2022: The Forward reports that Santos’ grandparents did not flee the Holocaust, even though his campaign website claimed at the time that “George’s grandparents fled Jewish persecution in Ukraine, settled in Belgium, and again fled persecution during WWII.” The report also questions his alleged Jewish ancestry. The Republican Jewish Coalition says it contacted Santos’ team in response to the story, saying, “These allegations, if true, are deeply troubling.”

Dec. 22, 2022: The New York attorney general’s office says it is “looking into a number of issues” surrounding Santos. In response, a lawyer for Santos says he has “not been contacted by anyone” from the attorney general’s office. And Santos himself tweets: “To the people of #NY03 I have my story to tell and it will be told next week.”

Dec. 26, 2022: Santos admits to having embellished his résumé in several New York media interviews. He tells City & State New York that he embellished his résumé and that he is sorry, while emphasizing to WABC radio that he has not “ever committed any crimes” in the U.S. or abroad. The interviews are among Santos’ first responses to the Times investigation.

In another Dec. 26 interview with the New York Post, Santos acknowledges some of the specific fabrications in his résumé. He says he did not graduate from Baruch College or any other institution of higher learning. He says his claims that he worked for Citigroup and Goldman Sachs were “a poor choice of words.” And when asked about his claims that his grandparents survived the Holocaust, Santos says: “I never claimed to be Jewish. I am Catholic. Because I learned my maternal family had a Jewish background, I said I was ‘Jew-ish.’”

Dec. 28, 2022: The Nassau County district attorney opens an investigation into Santos, saying in a statement: “The numerous fabrications and inconsistencies associated with Congressman-Elect Santos are nothing short of stunning. … No one is above the law and if a crime was committed in this county, we will prosecute it.”

Also on Dec. 28, Santos appears on Fox News, telling host Tulsi Gabbard, a former House member: “I’m not a fraud. I’m not a fake. I’ve made some mistakes,” adding that “it’s not false” that he worked at Goldman Sachs and Citigroup.

Jan. 2, 2023: The New York Times reports that “Brazilian law enforcement authorities intend to revive fraud charges against” Santos in connection with an incident in 2008 relating to a stolen checkbook, citing a spokeswoman for the Rio de Janeiro prosecutor’s office. NBC News has not independently verified the plans.

Jan. 9, 2023: The Campaign Legal Center files a complaint with the Federal Election Commission accusing the Santos campaign of using campaign funds to pay personal expenses and concealing the origins of a $705,000 loan Santos made to his campaign.

Also on Jan. 9, CNBC and other news outlets report that a member of Santos’ political team impersonated House Speaker Kevin McCarthy’s chief of staff to raise campaign money. Santos’ lawyer would not say whether Santos knew a member of his team had pretended to be McCarthy’s chief of staff, CNBC reported.

Jan. 10, 2023: Reps. Dan Goldman and Ritchie Torres, both D-N.Y., file a complaint with the House Ethics Committee over Santos’ alleged “failure to file timely, accurate and complete financial disclosure reports.”

Jan. 11, 2023: Nassau County, New York, Republican officials hold a news conference calling for Santos to resign, in which county GOP Chairman Joe Cairo also notes that Santos said not only that he went to Baruch College, but also that he was a “star” on the volleyball team. Four House Republicans follow soon after with their own calls for Santos to resign. Santos rebuffs them, telling reporters, “I will not resign.” He also tweets, “I will NOT resign!”

Jan. 12, 2023: Santos says he will resign if “142,000 people” ask him to in an interview with Rep. Matt Gaetz, R-Fla., on “Steve Bannon’s War Room,” referring to the number of voters who backed him in the election.

Jan. 17, 2023: Santos is awarded seats on two committees after some Republicans and many Democrats warned that seating him on major committees could lead to a national security risk. He is named to the Small Business Committee and the Science, Space, and Technology Committee.

Jan. 18, 2023: NBC News and other outlets obtain immigration records showing that Santos’ mother was not in the U.S. on Sept. 11, 2001, after he had claimed that she was in the South Tower of the World Trade Center and survived the 9/11 attacks.

Also on Jan. 18, a disabled veteran accuses Santos of having taken thousands of dollars raised on GoFundMe for his service dog to have lifesaving surgery. Santos responds on Twitter: “Reports that I would let a dog die is shocking & insane.”

Jan. 19, 2023: Santos says any claims that he performed as a drag queen are “categorically false” after a Brazilian drag performer shared on social media an image of herself and another person in drag, whom she identified as Santos. NBC News has not independently verified the images.